Change in finances, peer access, and mental health among trans and non-binary people during the COVID-19 pandemic
Monica A. Ghabrial, Ayden I. Scheim, Caiden Chih, Heather Santos, Noah J. Adams, & Greta R. Bauer
This article presents results from the Trans PULSE Canada study, a community-based, national study of health and wellbeing among trans and non-binary (TNB) people. Pre-pandemic data were collected over ten weeks in 2019 from 2,873 Canadian residents aged 14 and older, who were recruited using a multi-mode convenience sampling approach. A follow-up survey examining the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic was completed by 820 participants in Fall 2020. Depression and anxiety symptoms increased from pre-pandemic to follow-up, and most participants were above measurement cut-offs for clinical levels during the pandemic. Changes in finances and access to peer gatherings were associated with depression symptoms during the pandemic, but effects depended on level of pre-pandemic depression. For participants with high pre-pandemic depression, financial stability was not protective against increased depression at follow-up. Participants experiencing unprecedentedly high levels of depression during COVID may have pursued more TNB gatherings. Neither financial change nor access to TNB gatherings were associated with pandemic anxiety.
Findings suggest need for a multifaceted approach to mental health programmes and services to address structural barriers, including financial support and meaningful TNB community engagement.
Ghabrial, M. A., Scheim, A. I., Chih, C., Santos, H., & Adams, N., & Bauer, G. R. (2023). Change in finances, peer access, and mental health among trans and non-binary people in Canada during COVID-19. LGBT Health. doi:10.1089/lgbt.2022.0296.
Identity Affirmation is associated with adaptive cardiovascular flexibility in response to stress among sexual and gender minority people of Color
Monica A. Ghabrial & Judith P. Andersen
Ghabrial, M. A., & Andersen, J. P. (2023). Identity affirmation is associated with adaptive cardiovascular flexibility in response to stress among sexual and gender minority people of color. Social Science & Medicine, 115703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2023.115703
This article presents an experiment, in which we compared physiological resilience and identity affirmation (measured wtih the Queer People of Color Identity Affirmation Scale, Ghabrial & Andersen, 2021) among queer and trans people of Color. Participants were exposed to stress in a controlled laboratory setting while wearing electrocardiograph devices, which monitored indices of cardiovascular activity. To induce stress in the lab, participants were asked to prepare and give a speech to a panel of judges, and then to perform a math task in front of the same panel. Results showed that high scores in identity affirmation were associated with adaptive cardiovascular flexibility in response to stress, which is an indicator of good physical health and physiological resilience. In our previous study (Ghabrial & Andersen, 2021), we found that identity affirmation (measured with the Queer People of Color Identity Affirmation Scale) was associated with psychological resilience. Through this study, we took the next step to establish a relationship between identity affirmation and physiological resilience among queer and trans people of Color, suggesting that identity affirmation may be a psychological resource that supports healthy functioning in this population.
Rare exemplars and missed opportunities: Intersectionality within current sexual and gender diversity research and scholarship in psychology
Lisa Bowleg, Arianne N. Malekzadeh, Katarina E. AuBuchon, Monica A. Ghabrial, & Greta R. Bauer
Using intersectionality as our critical analytical framework, we examined 22 articles on sexual and gender diversity (SGD) published in peer-reviewed psychology journals between January and June 2022 to: (1) identify their engagement with intersectionality's core themes; and (2) highlight key findings and directions for future intersectional SGD research. Our review includes 12 theoretical and empirical articles that addressed a breadth of topics such as intersectional stigma/discrimination, gendered racism, minority stress, and intersectional ableism. This review highlights opportunities within intersectional SGD research in psychology to provide a needed corrective to the discipline's tradition of individualistic, single-axis research focused on predominantly White, cisgender and heterosexual people, and attend to intersectionality's focus on intersecting power relations and commitments to social justice.
Bowleg, L., Malekzadeh, A. N., AuBuchon, K., Ghabrial, M.A., & Bauer, G. R. (2022). Rare Exemplars and Missed Opportunities: Intersectionality within Current Sexual and Gender Diversity Research and Scholarship in Psychology. Current Opinion in Psychology, 101511. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2022.101511
Development and initial validation of the Queer People of Color Identity Affirmation Scale
Monica A. Ghabrial & Judith P. Andersen
This article presents the Queer People of Color Identity Affirmation Scale, the first measure of positive attitude toward identity for this population. This development process involved item generation (through qualitative analysis), pilot testing, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and initial validation. This scale is strongly, positively related to measures of Resilience and Empowerment and strongly, negatively associated with Depression. This scale also appeared to be a better predictor of Resilience and Empowerment than existing scales that measure ethnoracial identity affirmation and sexual identity affirmation separately.
*Recipient of the 2021 Gender and Sexual Minority Manuscript (SPECTRUM) Award from the Association for Women in Psychology
Ghabrial, M.A., & Andersen, J.P. (2021). Development and initial validation of the Queer People of Color Identity Affirmation Scale. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 68(1), 38–53. doi10.1037/cou0000443
“I've found my voice. I've found a sisterhood”: Qualitative evaluation of a web-based support group for women with HIV
Monica A. Ghabrial, Catheren C. Classen, & Julie D. Maggi
This article is the second of two publications (see below) on an exploratory study to examine the feasibility and potential benefits and challenges of implementing a professionallly moderated, psychoeducational, web-based support group for women with HIV. This article provides a thematic analysis of two sources of qualitative data from the study: the discussion board from the support group and one-on-one follow-up interviews. Women discussed the stressors and invisibility they face as women with HIV and described this support group as a place to safely connect with similar others. Findings suggest that a psychoeducational, web-based support group may be an ideal platform through which to translate knowledge and create community for members of this population - especially women who are newly diagnosed, newcomers, or working in HIV/AIDS Service Organizations.
Ghabrial, M.A., Classen, C.C., & Maggi, J.D. (2020). “I've found my voice. I've found a sisterhood”: Qualitative evaluation of a web-based support group for women with HIV. Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services. doi.org/10.1080/15381501.2019.1684413
“We can shapeshift and build bridges.”: Bisexual women and gender diverse people of color on invisibility and embracing the borderlands
Monica A. Ghabrial
This article presents thematic analysis of narratives from bisexual (and plurisexual) cisgender and trangender women and gender diverse people of Color. Participants described the ways in which their identity categories challenged notions of binarism and intersect to impact their (in)visibility and sense (or lack) of belonging. Participants also discussed challenges facing parents, victims of intimate partner violence, and reported feelings of betrayal when engaging in heteronormativity or romantic relationships with white partners. Additionally, participants reported feeling empowered by their unique identity, using their ability to "pass" to advocate for others, and experiencing empathy and personal growth. Throughout these topics, participants noted femininity/femmephobia as a factor in (in)visibility, as well as notions of falsehood and diminished self-worth.
*Recipient of the 2019 Gender and Sexual Minority Manuscript (SPECTRUM) Award from the Association for Women in Psychology
Ghabrial, M.A. (2019). “We can shapeshift and build bridges.”: Bisexual women and gender diverse people of color on invisibility and embracing the borderlands. Journal of Bisexuality, 19(2), 169-197. doi:10.1080/15299716.2019.1617526
Professionally moderated, psychoeducational, web-based support for women with HIV: An exploratory study
Monica A. Ghabrial, Catheren C. Classen, & Julie D. Maggi
Ghabrial, M.A., Classen, C.C., & Maggi, J.D. (2019). Professionally moderated, psychoeducational, web-based support for women with HIV: An exploratory study. Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services, 18(1), 1-25. doi: 10.1080/15381501.2018.1530628
Experiences and perceptions of social constraints and social change among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons in Lesotho
Carmen H. Logie, Jonathan Alschech, Adrian Guta, Monica A. Ghabrial, Tampose Mothopeng, Amelia Ranotsi, & Stefan D. Baral
Logie, C., Alschech, J., Guta, A., Ghabrial, M.A., Mothopeng, T., Ranotsi, A., & Baral, S. (2018). Experiences and perceptions of social constraints and social change among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons in Lesotho. Culture, Health & Sexuality. doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2018.1498539
Representation and erasure of bisexual people of color: A content analysis of quantitative bisexual mental health research
Monica A. Ghabrial & Lori E. Ross
Ghabrial, M.A., & Ross, L.E. (2018). Representation and erasure of bisexual people of color: A content analysis of quantitative bisexual mental health research. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 5(2), 132-142. doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000286
Notes on the development of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine in the United States
Ian Lubek, Monica A. Ghabrial, Naomi Ennis, Sara Crann, Amanda Jenkins, Michelle Green, Joel Badali, William Salmon, Janie Moodley, Kieran O'Doherty, & Paula Barata
Lubek, I., Ghabrial, M., Ennis, N., Crann, S., Jenkins, A., Green, M.,...Barata, P. (2018). Notes on the development of Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine in the United States. Journal of Health Psychology, 23(3), 492-505. doi:10.1177/1359105318755156
“Trying to figure out where we belong”: Narratives of racialized sexual minorities on community, identity, discrimination, and health
Monica A. Ghabrial
Ghabrial, M.A. (2017). “Trying to figure out where we belong”: Narratives of racialized sexual minorities on community, identity, discrimination, and health. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 14(1), 42-55. doi.org/10.1007/s13178-016-0229-x
Factors influencing housing-seeking difficulty for battered women: An investigation of racial discrimination and attitudes held by landlords
Monica A. Ghabrial & Paula Barata
Ghabrial, M., & Barata, P. (2010). Factors influencing housing-seeking difficulty for battered women: An investigation of racial discrimination and attitudes held by landlords. Studies by Undergraduate Researchers at Guelph, 4(1), 14-22. doi.org/10.21083/surg.v4i1.1203